Phonological Awareness: What, Why, and How?


This Knowledge Block will help untangle a bunch of “ph” terms associated with the Science of Reading and clarify the role of phonological awareness in skilled reading. Participants will learn how to assess phonological awareness, and learn planning strategies and instructional approaches that can be used to teach phonological awareness in face-to-face and virtual settings.

Who should take this Knowledge Block:

  • K-5 educators
  • Secondary educators who work with long-term developing readers

What you will learn:

  • The relationship between phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, and phoneme proficiency
  • How phonological awareness predicts future reading success
  • Features of the 44 phonemes (speech sounds) in English 
  • How to give, score, and analyze a phonological awareness assessment
  • A scaffolded instructional routine for teaching phonological awareness skills 

Materials provided:

  • A phonological awareness assessment
  • PDF handout that shows the continuum of phonological awareness 
  • Video that models correct pronunciation of the 44 phonemes in English 
  • Virtual manipulatives for phonological awareness instruction 
  • PDF of all slides in handout form


  • Certificate of Completion

Phonological Awareness: What, Why, and How?


Phonological awareness predicts future reading success. Participants will learn how to teach and assess phonological awareness skills.

Please select a session